• National Standards for School Counseling Programs


    Academic Development

    • Standard A: Students will acquire the attitudes, knowledge and skills that contribute to effective learning in school and across the life span.

    A:A1 Improve Academic Self-concept

    A:A1.1 Articulate feelings of competence and confidence as learners

    A:A1.2 Display a positive interest in learning

    A:A1.3 Take pride in work and achievement

    A:A1.4 Accept mistakes as essential to the learning process

    A:A1.5 Identify attitudes and behaviors that lead to successful learning

    A:A2 Acquire Skills for Improving Learning

    A:A2.1 Apply time-management and task-management skills

    A:A2.2 Demonstrate how effort and persistence positively affect learning

    A:A2.3 Use communications skills to know when and how to ask for help when needed

    A:A2.4 Apply knowledge and learning styles to positively influence school performance

    A:A3 Achieve School Success

    A:A3.1 Take responsibility for their actions

    A:A3.2 Demonstrate the ability to work independently, as well as the ability to work cooperatively with other students

    A:A3.3 Develop a broad range of interests and abilities

    A:A3.4 Demonstrate dependability, productivity and initiative

    A:A3.5 Share knowledge

    • Standard B: Students will complete school with the academic preparation essential to choose from a wide range of substantial post-secondary options, including college.

    A:B1 Improve Learning

    A:B1.1 Demonstrate the motivation to achieve individual potential

    A:B1.2 Learn and apply critical-thinking skills

    A:B1.3 Apply the study skills necessary for academic success at each level

    A:B1.4 Seek information and support from faculty, staff, family and peers

    A:B1.5 Organize and apply academic information from a variety of sources

    A:B1.6 Use knowledge of learning styles to positively influence school performance

    A:B1.7 Become a self-directed and independent learner

    A:B2 Plan to Achieve Goals

    A:B2.1 Establish challenging academic goals in elementary, middle/jr. high and high school

    A:B2.2 Use assessment results in educational planning

    A:B2.3 Develop and implement annual plan of study to maximize academic ability and achievement

    A:B2.4 Apply knowledge of aptitudes and interests to goal setting

    A:B2.5 Use problem-solving and decision-making skills to assess progress toward educational goals

    A:B2.6 Understand the relationship between classroom performance and success in school

    A:B2.7 Identify post-secondary options consistent with interests, achievement, aptitude and abilities

    • Standard C: Students will understand the relationship of academics to the world of work and to life at home and in the community.

    A:C1 Relate School to Life Experiences

    A:C1.1 Demonstrate the ability to balance school, studies, extracurricular activities, leisure time and family life

    A:C1.2 Seek co-curricular and community experiences to enhance the school experience

    A:C1.3 Understand the relationship between learning and work

    A:C1.4 Demonstrate an understanding of the value of lifelong learning as essential to seeking, obtaining and maintaining life goals

    A:C1.5 Understand that school success is the preparation to make the transition from student to community member

    A:C1.6 Understand how school success and academic achievement enhance future career and vocational opportunities


    Career Development

    • Standard A: Students will acquire the skills to investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self and to make informed career decisions.

    C:A1 Develop Career Awareness

    C:A1.1 Develop skills to locate, evaluate and interpret career information

    C:A1.2 Learn about the variety of traditional and nontraditional occupations

    C:A1.3. Develop an awareness of personal abilities, skills, interests and motivations

    C:A1.4 Learn how to interact and work cooperatively in teams

    C:A1.5 Learn to make decisions

    C:A1.6 Learn how to set goals

    C:A1.7 Understand the importance of planning

    C:A1.8 Pursue and develop competency in areas of interest

    C:A1.9 Develop hobbies and vocational interests

    C:A1.10 Balance between work and leisure time

    C:A2 Develop Employment Readiness

    C:A2.1 Acquire employability skills such as working on a team, problem- solving and organizational skills

    C:A2.2 Apply job readiness skills to seek employment opportunities

    C:A2.3 Demonstrate knowledge about the changing workplace

    C:A2.4 Learn about the rights and responsibilities of employers and employees

    C:A2.5 Learn to respect individual uniqueness in the workplace

    C:A2.6 Learn how to write a résumé

    C:A2.7 Develop a positive attitude toward work and learning

    C:A2.8 Understand the importance of responsibility, dependability, punctuality, integrity and effort in the workplace

    C:A2.9 Utilize time- and task-management skills

    • Standard B: Students will employ strategies to achieve future career goals with success and satisfaction.

    C:B1 Acquire Career Information

    C:B1.1 Apply decision-making skills to career planning, course selection and career transition

    C:B1.2 Identify personal skills, interests and abilities and relate them to current career choice

    C:B1.3 Demonstrate knowledge of the career-planning process

    C:B1.4 Know the various ways in which occupations can be classified

    C:B1.5 Use research and information resources to obtain career information

    C:B1.6 Learn to use the Internet to access career-planning information

    C:B1.7 Describe traditional and nontraditional career choices and how they relate to career choice

    C:B1.8 Understand how changing economic and societal needs influence employment trends and future training

    C:B2 Identify Career Goals

    C:B2.1 Demonstrate awareness of the education and training needed to achieve career goals

    C:B2.2 Assess and modify their educational plan to support career

    C:B2.3 Use employability and job readiness skills in internship, mentoring, shadowing and/or other work experience

    C:B2.4 Select course work that is related to career interests

    C:B2.5 Maintain a career-planning portfolio

    • Standard C: Students will understand the relationship between personal qualities, education, training and the world of work.

    C:C1 Acquire Knowledge to Achieve Career Goals

    C:C1.1 Understand the relationship between educational achievement and career success

    C:C1.2 Explain how work can help to achieve personal success and satisfaction

    C:C1.3 Identify personal preferences and interests influencing career choice and success

    C:C1.4 Understand that the changing workplace requires lifelong learning and acquiring new skills

    C:C1.5 Describe the effect of work on lifestyle

    C:C1.6 Understand the importance of equity and access in career choice

    C:C1.7 Understand that work is an important and satisfying means of personal expression

    C:C2 Apply Skills to Achieve Career Goals

    C:C2.1 Demonstrate how interests, abilities and achievement relate to achieving personal, social, educational and career goals

    C:C2.2 Learn how to use conflict management skills with peers and adults

    C:C2.3 Learn to work cooperatively with others as a team member

    C:C2.4 Apply academic and employment readiness skills in work-based learning situations such as internships, shadowing and/or mentoring experiences


    Personal/Social Development

    • Standard A: Students will acquire the knowledge, attitudes and interpersonal skills to help them understand and respect self and others.

    PS:A1 Acquire Self-knowledge

    PS:A1.1 Develop positive attitudes toward self as a unique and worthy person

    PS:A1.2 Identify values, attitudes and beliefs

    PS:A1.3 Learn the goal-setting process

    PS:A1.4 Understand change is a part of growth

    PS:A1.5 Identify and express feelings

    PS:A1.6 Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate behavior

    PS:A1.7 Recognize personal boundaries, rights and privacy needs

    PS:A1.8 Understand the need for self-control and how to practice it

    PS:A1.9 Demonstrate cooperative behavior in groups

    PS:A1.10 Identify personal strengths and assets

    PS:A1.11 Identify and discuss changing personal and social roles

    PS:A1.12 Identify and recognize changing family roles

    PS:A2 Acquire Interpersonal Skills

    PS:A2.1 Recognize that everyone has rights and responsibilities

    PS:A2.2 Respect alternative points of view

    PS:A2.3 Recognize, accept, respect and appreciate individual differences

    PS:A2.4 Recognize, accept and appreciate ethnic and cultural diversity

    PS:A2.5 Recognize and respect differences in various family configurations

    PS:A2.6 Use effective communications skills

    PS:A2.7 Know that communication involves speaking, listening and nonverbal behavior

    PS:A2.8 Learn how to make and keep friends

    • Standard B: Students will make decisions, set goals and take necessary action to achieve goals.

    PS:B1 Self-knowledge Application

    PS:B1.1 Use a decision-making and problem-solving model

    PS:B1.2 Understand consequences of decisions and choices

    PS:B1.3 Identify alternative solutions to a problem

    PS:B1.4 Develop effective coping skills for dealing with problems

    PS:B1.5 Demonstrate when, where and how to seek help for solving problems and making decisions

    PS:B1.6 Know how to apply conflict resolution skills

    PS:B1.7 Demonstrate a respect and appreciation for individual and cultural differences

    PS:B1.8 Know when peer pressure is influencing a decision

    PS:B1.9 Identify long- and short-term goals

    PS:B1.10 Identify alternative ways of achieving goals

    PS:B1.11 Use persistence and perseverance in acquiring knowledge and skills

    PS:B1.12 Develop an action plan to set and achieve realistic goals

    • Standard C: Students will understand safety and survival skills.

    PS:C1 Acquire Personal Safety Skills

    PS:C1.1 Demonstrate knowledge of personal information (i.e., telephone number, home address, emergency contact)

    PS:C1.2 Learn about the relationship between rules, laws, safety and the protection of rights of the individual

    PS:C1.3 Learn about the differences between appropriate and inappropriate physical contact

    PS:C1.4 Demonstrate the ability to set boundaries, rights and personal privacy

    PS:C1.5 Differentiate between situations requiring peer support and situations requiring adult professional help

    PS:C1.6 Identify resource people in the school and community, and know how to seek their help

    PS:C1.7 Apply effective problem-solving and decision-making skills to make safe and healthy choices

    PS:C1.8 Learn about the emotional and physical dangers of substance use and abuse

    PS:C1.9 Learn how to cope with peer pressure

    PS:C1.10 Learn techniques for managing stress and conflict

    PS:C1.11 Learn coping skills for managing life events


American School Counselor Association (ASCA)